The sheer volume of data in a complex industrial project is massive. The data may be fragmented, of variable quality, and dispersed across many files in the IT systems of the project stakeholders.
The variety of systems and software used, as well as the diversity of file formats, lead to multiple data silos. It can feel like there is not one project, but several parallel projects.
This partitioning prevents a clear overview as well as the dissemination and promotion of information. In other words, the information produced is exhaustive and accurate, but difficult to use.